XML Women & Family Health News

The association between general practitioner participation in joint teleconsultations and rates of referral: a discrete choice experiment

published Tue, Apr 21 2015 07:00 GMT
Background: Joint consultations – such as teleconsultations – provide opportunities for continuing education of general practitioners (GPs). It has been reported this form of interactive case-based learning may lead to fewer GP referrals, yet these studies have relied on expert opinion and simple frequencies, without accounting for other factors known to influence referrals. We use a survey-based discrete choice experiment of GPs’ referral preferences to estimate how referral rates are associated with participation in joint teleconsultations, explicitly controlling for a ... more

Awareness and knowledge regarding of cervical cancer, Pap smear screening and human papillomavirus infection in Gabonese women

published Sun, Apr 19 2015 07:00 GMT
Background: Cervical cancer is the commonest cancer and the leading cause of cancer mortality in women in Gabon. The age-standardized incidence of cervical cancer is 19.9 per 100 000 women and the mortality rate is 8.4 per 100 000. Various international studies have identified the lack of awareness and knowledge about cervical cancer as barriers to use preventive methods. This article assesses the awareness and knowledge about cervical cancer, Pap smear testing and its use and HPV among women living ... more

The business of death: a qualitative study of financial concerns of widowed older women

published Fri, Apr 17 2015 19:00 GMT
Background: The feminisation of ageing and increasing number of widowed women in contemporary society has significant implications. Older women are at risk of poor health, social, and economic outcomes upon widowhood. The aim of the study was to describe women’s experiences in the period soon after their husbands’ death, including their financial issues and concerns, and the ways in which these experiences impacted on the transition to widowhood late in life. Methods: This was a longitudinal study using serial in-depth ... more

5-Aminolevulinic-acid-based fluorescence spectroscopy and conventional colposcopy for in vivo detection of cervical pre-malignancy

published Thu, Apr 16 2015 19:00 GMT
Background: Sensitized fluorescence diagnostics are based on selective accumulation of photosensitizer in the tissue where carcinogenesis has started. The present study compared topical 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA)-based fluorescence spectroscopy (FS) in vivo with conventional colposcopy for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) detection. Methods: We enrolled 48 patients who were referred for colposcopy because of high-grade changes in cervical cytology. Every inspected cervix was divided in to quadrants, and there were 174 quadrants included in the study. Each patient had a cytological smear, ... more

Health literacy as a moderator of health-related quality of life responses to chronic disease among Chinese rural women

published Tue, Apr 14 2015 19:00 GMT
Background: Chronic disease is the leading global health threat and impairs patients’ health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Low health literacy is linked with chronic diseases prevalence and poor HRQoL. However, the interaction of health literacy with chronic disease on HRQoL remains unknown. Therefore, we examined how health literacy might modify the association between chronic disease and their HRQoL impacts. Methods: We conducted a health survey of 913 poor rural women aged 23–57 years in Northwestern China. We assessed health literacy ... more