XML Women & Family Health News

Intimate partner violence and physical and mental health among women utilizing community health services in Gujarat, India

published Wed, Oct 15 2014 19:00 GMT
Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant public health threat which causes injury and acute and chronic physical and mental health problems. In India, a high percentage of women experience IPV. The purposes of this study include 1) to describe the lifetime prevalence of IPV, and 2) to examine the association between IPV and physical and mental health well-being, among women utilizing community health services for the economically disadvantaged in India. Methods: Women utilizing community health services (N =219) ... more

Interventions to reduce postpartum stress in first-time mothers: a randomized-controlled trial

published Tue, Oct 14 2014 19:00 GMT
Background: The postpartum period can be a challenging time particularly for first-time mothers. This study aimed to assess two different interventions designed to reduce stress in the postpartum among first-time mothers. Methods: Healthy first-time mothers with healthy newborns were recruited from hospitals in Beirut, Lebanon after delivery. The two interventions were a 20-minute film addressing common stressors in the postpartum period and a 24-hour telephone support hotline. Participants were randomized to one of four study arms to receive either the ... more

Natural history of ovarian endometrioma in pregnancy

published Tue, Oct 14 2014 19:00 GMT
Background: Ovarian endometriomas are classified as benign ovarian lesions. During pregnancy endometriomas may undergo major morphological changes which are referred to as 'decidualisation'. Decidualised ovarian endometrioma may resemble malignant ovarian tumours on ultrasound examination. The aim was to study variations in the morphology and size of ovarian endometriomas diagnosed on ultrasound during pregnancy. Methods: We searched our database to identify pregnant women who were diagnosed with ovarian endometriomas on ultrasound in order to study the effect of pregnancy on their ... more

Contraceptive use and unmet need for family planning among HIV positive women on antiretroviral therapy in Kumasi, Ghana

published Fri, Oct 10 2014 19:00 GMT
Background: A key strategy for minimizing HIV infection rates especially via reduction of Mother- to-Child transmission is by reducing the unmet need for family planning. In Ghana, the integration of family planning services into Antiretroviral Therapy services for persons living with HIV/AIDS has largely been ignored. We set out to measure the prevalence of modern methods of contraception, the unmet need for family planning and to identify factors associated with the use of modern methods of contraception among HIV positive ... more

Are single mothers' higher smoking rates mediated by dysfunctional coping styles?

published Tue, Oct 07 2014 19:00 GMT
Background: Smoking prevalence has been shown to be considerably higher among single mothers as compared to their married or cohabiting counterparts. This study examines whether this could be attributed to single mothers' different capability in dealing with stress. Methods: Based on cross-sectional data of 3129 German mothers, the study explores the associations between single motherhood, coping styles and moderate and heavy smoking pattern using a regression-based 'parallel multiple mediator model'. Results: Single mothers showed higher rates of negative coping styles ... more